The content of a thesis should be meaningful, concise and comprehensive. It consists of a descriptive part of the state of the art and of the phenomenon being studied and preferably also of a so-called experimental part in which the empirical demonstration is exposed.

Potentially everything necessary to support and prove one’s thesis can be reported, it is vital to avoid falling into personal opinions that one is not able to demonstrate with the empirical data or not deriving from a critical and logical evaluation of the literature. It will always be correct to re-elaborate theories, opinions, interpretative models coming from literature (whose source must always be mentioned in the notes and in the bibliography). Indicate data and information (citing the source). Expressing personal reflections drawn from the study of literature if they integrate with relevant aspects or clarify the logical thread of the discourse. To illustrate the expectations and their own keys of interpretation in the interpretation of the data extrapolated from the empirical analysis of the phenomenon, maintaining coherence and logic.


Let’s debunk myths and legends, to the drafting of the first thesis nobody is called Albert Einstein or Umberto Eco, so the technique of copying and pasting is very useful to overcome the writer’s block, the important thing is to always use critical sense and intelligence. In the first draft of the thesis, copying parts of the text taken from the bibliography allows the acquisition of the specific technical vocabulary of the subject studied.

The advice is to read a reduced number of texts (contributions, books, scientific or sector articles); copy the most interesting parts that most faithfully express the ideas and concepts impressed in one’s mind. It is essential to note the book and the pages of the copied periods for the subsequent citation work. To put in order all the material and paraphrase the text, that is to elaborate the content in its own words maintaining the logical thread and a technical language.

You should never forget to include all quotes quoted accurately in quotation marks. Use them sparingly and only if it is not possible to express the concept concisely and effectively in your own words.


At the end of your work comes the time to check the text. An advantageous practice is to have the document re-read by an independent person, who did not cooperate in the elaboration, with little knowledge of the object of study but sufficiently expert on the subject. In fact, this allows us to overcome the pitfall of mnemonic reading. Re-reading the work personally, your brain automatically retraces the memory of what was written previously without paying attention to detail. Having read too many drafts of the document, the speaker too appears to be too involved. An external person can therefore express an opinion on the contents, on the completeness, on the clarity of the exposure and identify the invisible error.